Cryptocurrency market cap – All you need to know!

You might have heard or read somewhere about cryptocurrency market cap and you wonder what it means? Don’t look any further because this guide will give you all the answers to what it means, and why you should pay attention to it.

In this guide you will learn:

  1. What does cryptocurrency market cap means?
  2. The history behind market caps
  3. Why do we want to use market caps?
  4. The cryptocurrency market is just a baby compared to the stock market
  5. And key conclusions

We have also added a bunch of good to know bits about each area and a what does this mean bonus guide in the end that explains some of the commonly used terminologies and industry examples. All so you will get the most out of this guide.

What does cryptocurrency market cap mean?

Basically the market cap is a way to value a cryptocurrency. And it is measure commonly used to rank different cryptocurrencies with each other, to see which has the most value. And to calculate the total market cap of a cryptocurrency you multiply the number of coins (or tokens) available in the circulating supply times the market price of one coin.

Market cap = Circulating supply x Price

The price is usually taken from the various exchanges that trade that specific cryptocurrency. So if for example Bitcoin was available to buy and sell on three different exchanges, lets use Binance, Coinbase and OKEx as examples, then the average trading price of all three of those exchanges would represent the average trading price of 1 Bitcoin. That means you use one whole Bitcoin, and any other cryptocurrency to determine the price and the cryptocurrency market cap.

What does cryptocurrency market cap mean - infographic

Good to know:

  1. It is possible to trade in fractions of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies of course.
  2. Sometimes the price can differ quite a bit between different exchanges. It is after all people that buy and sell cryptocurrencies and we all might have different price targets that we accept. And this opens up the opportunity to buy a cryptocurrency at a cheaper price at one exchange and selling it for a higher price at another exchange. This is called Arbitrage trading. You could make some easy gains by doing this, but it comes with risks like low liquidity and overall market changes to that cryptocurrency.
  3. Market cap is a much better instrument to use than Fiat price (USD, GBP, EUR). During the bull run of 2017 it was very common for newcomers to the cryptocurrency space to use the price of a cryptocurrency in USD to determine how good of an investment opportunity it was. So people were looking at for example XPR (Ripple’s cryptocurrency) and saw its potential because it was ‘only’ valued at $0.20 cent compared to Bitcoin that was valued around $3000 USD at that time. So someone new to the concept of price and value might think that XRP could grow a lot by comparing the price of 1 XRP to 1 BTC (Bitcoin) by comparing their price in USD. But this argument doesn’t take into consideration that there are about 42 billion XRP in circulation and only 17 million BTCs. Meaning that there are about 2470 times as many XRPs available compared to BTCs. Obviously then the price of 1 XRP should be much lower than 1 BTC.
A group of cryptocurrencies and their logos

 

The history behind market caps

We all seek to compare cryptocurrencies against each other, and we also like to use methods to rank them in terms of price and value. And so far market cap has been the standard method that you could somewhat easily use to compare one cryptocurrency with another. It is far from perfect, in fact there are plenty of people questioning it usage for cryptocurrencies.

Because market cap is not something new and only used for cryptocurrencies. It has been a standardised way of valuing the stocks of a company. You get the market cap or market capitalisation by multiplying a company’s shares outstanding by the current market price of one share. So for stocks it has been a central value instrument for years, and it is commonly used by professional in the field.

But like for cryptocurrencies it is not a perfect all round method to value a stock or its company to any great depth. You can’t determine how well a company is truly doing, or its fundamentals just by looking at its market cap. But it gives you an indication of how it’s valued by the market compared to other companies and their stocks. So you can use the cryptocurrency market cap to group companies together, into different size groups for example. Small sized – medium sized – large sized companies.

Good to know:

  1. Market cap (market capitalisation) has been used for years in the stock exchange market, but it has sort of been shoehorned into the cryptocurrency market too. Because there’s a lack of other good measurements to use, and the cryptocurrency market is extremely young and immature compared to the stock market. Which has been around since the 16th century in some capacity. The modern stock market that we know today established around the 19th – 20th century.
  2. Market cap is a flawed measurement to use for any greater analysis of how well a cryptocurrency is doing. But it is ok to use for a quick comparison between different cryptocurrency projects. If there were for example two very similar cryptocurrency projects, then you could use their market cap to compare them and potentially find a good investment company. If for example one had a much higher market cap compared to the other but they seemed to be as good or promising when compared otherwise then it might give you a signal that one was either undervalued or the other overvalued.
  3. Market cap and the price of a cryptocurrency and stock is driven by speculation as much as any intrinsic value it might give. Some say that the current cryptocurrency market is only driven by speculation and greed since few cryptocurrencies give you any ROI back (Return of Investment). Meaning if you invest $1000 USD into Bitcoin or Ethereum (Ether), what do you get back for your investment? Right now nothing, other than speculating that the value of 1 BTC or 1 ETH will be higher in the future.

    With stocks you often get dividends back by holding stocks, which is a reward given out to all stock holders. Both the stock market and the cryptocurrency market is driven by speculation and greed, but since the cryptocurrency space is so young the current established measurements used for stocks might not suit cryptocurrencies as well. And we need better measurements in the future, to truly determine the value of a cryptocurrency to another.

    *** Note in the future Ethereum will move to PoS from PoW, then you can stake your ETH and in return get ETH back as a reward (learn more about staking here).

Why do we want to use market caps?

There is a need across the cryptocurrency community, from fans to private investors to so called institutional investors to use measurements like market cap to rank different cryptocurrencies with each other, determine their overall value.

And obviously we also would like to have a measurement that we could use to spot potential investment opportunities right?

If there was for example two very similar cryptocurrency projects that more or less had the same business offering. And the teams were of similar talent, their capabilities and technology was more or less the same but the cryptocurrency market cap was very different. Then that would tell us something, wouldn’t it? Perhaps we could conclude that was ones overpriced by the market? Or perhaps the other one was undervalued, and they looked to be a smart investment opportunity.

The cryptocurrency market is just a baby compared to the stock market

It is a bit crazy to think that Bitcoin have only been around since 2009, Ethereum since 2015 and many other today popular cryptocurrencies after that. So this new emerging market is still so young and unexplored and undefined. So we are continuously learning and finding better ways to understand and define value.

And if you remember the stock market exchanges goes as far back as 1531 in Antwerp, Belgium.

A day at the NYSE stock market

There are over 1400 different cryptocurrencies, and they are far from the same type of cryptocurrency. There are both different types of cryptocurrencies and then different classes of cryptocurrencies. Some are peer to peer currencies similar to Fiat currencies, like BTC, LTC and NANO.

Others are utility tokens on blockchain platforms like ETH, VET and NEO, then there are security tokens. The latter have been the focal point of many discussions in cryptocurrency communities for some time now. And there are many unanswered questions to which cryptocurrencies would be defined as securities and what would it exactly mean if for example a cryptocurrencies would be defined by the SEC in the U.S as a security? (to find out more about the difference read this guide)

There is something known as the Howey test which helps to define if something should be classified as a security or not. But many people question that this test could and should be used to define Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.

Key conclusions

What we think is important to convey is that you need to remember how young and unregulated the cryptocurrency market still is, so what worked for the stock exchange market and stocks might not automatically work as well for the cryptocurrency market. But you can use market capitalisation still as method of analysing different cryptocurrencies to each other.

But if you want to invest in cryptocurrencies and find out which one represents a good investment opportunity then you need to go much further than just looking at the current market cap. You should look into the team behind the cryptocurrency, the business case, the competition and what they so far have achieved.

We have created several popular guides that could help you make smarter investment decisions and become a better investor.

  1. A guide to cryptocurrency markets
  2. The best way to investing in cryptocurrency
  3. Cryptocurrencies vs Stocks this is the winner

Have a look at those guides and start implementing the tips and tools that we provide for free.

Stock exchanges vs cryptocurrency exchanges

The three largest stock exchanges in the world are:

  1. New York Stock Exchange (the total market cap of the entire exchange in 2018 was $23.12 trillion USD)
  2. NASDAQ (the total market cap of the entire exchange in 2018 was $10.93 trillion USD)
  3. Tokyo Stock Exchange (the total market cap of the entire exchange in 2018 was $6.22 trillion USD)

And the three largest cryptocurrency exchanges in the world by trading volume are:

  1. Binance (with a 24 hour trading volume of $1.8 billion USD)
  2. OKEx (with a 24 hour trading volume of $1.7 billion USD)
  3. Bit-Z (with a 24 hour trading volume of $1.3 billion USD)

    *** Note we have removed a few exchanges because of their reports of high fake trading volume

Follow the market cap and prices here at Go CryptoWise

You can easily keep track of the current prices for all your favourite cryptocurrencies right here at our website – follow live prices here. You can there also track the current cryptocurrency market cap. For example right now Bitcoin’s current market cap is $140.80 Billion USD, with a trading price of one BTC at $7,954.76 USD. Follow the live price of Bitcoin here below.

bitcoin
bitcoin

Bitcoin (BTC)

Price
$ 10,723.00
Cryptocurrency live prices and live cryptocurrency market caps updated at Go CryptoWise

What does this mean:

  • Dividend = Is a divided return to all shareholders from a company’s earnings
  • An exchange = is a platform where buyers and sellers can meet and trade cryptocurrencies (or stocks) with each other.
  • Market cap = Circulating supply (of a coin / stock) x Price
  • Arbitrage trading = Taking advantage of differences in trading price at different platforms / exchanges
  • Circulating supply = the amount of stocks/coins that are currently circulating on the market and in the public’s hands
  • Howey test = a test used by the SEC to define if something should be classified as a ‘investment contracts’. And if so it needs to comply with the regulations that follows all so called securities under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
    The Howey test compiles of these questions:
    1. It is an investment of money
    2. There is an expectation of profits from the investment
    3. The investment of money is in a common enterprise
    4. Any profit comes from the efforts of a promoter or third party

Hopefully you found this guide on cryptocurrency market caps helpful, if you have any questions please leave a comment here below. If you want to find other guides on cryptocurrencies and blockchain go to our Guides section.

Other popular guides:

  1. 7 most popular privacy coins
  2. The 8 Best Cryptocurrency Exchanges in the World
  3. A guide to cryptocurrency markets
  4. HODL, DYOR, REKT the 41 cryptocurrency terms you need to know!

Written by:

Per Englund – Founder of Go CryptoWise a cryptocurrency and tech fan that wants to see better and smarter products and services that makes our lives better and easier

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